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Rights and Permissions


NOBLE, Inc. is responsible solely for presenting the online cultural resources of its member libraries. Member libraries are responsible for the observance of copyrights of the materials in their collections.

Copyrighted Material

Copyright is the set of exclusive rights granted to the author or creator of an original work, including the right to copy, distribute and adapt the work. Copyrighted works may not be reproduced without permission of the copyright holder, except under certain conditions constituting "fair use." See a description of "fair use" below.

If you wish to reproduce any materials from this site is your obligation to determine and follow all copyright or use restrictions of the material presented here. Unless the terms of use are clearly stated with respect to individual items, users must seek permission from the copyright owner for all uses that are not allowed by fair use and other provisions of the United States copyright law (Title 17). We recommend that you contact the contributing library regarding the copyright restrictions of any materials you wish to use.

Please be advised that acknowledging the source of the copyrighted material does not substitute for obtaining permission for its use.

Public Domain Material

Any works published in the United States prior to 1923 are exempt from copyright protection in accordance with U.S. copyright law. Other materials created/published after 1923 may also be in the public domain, if they meet other criteria.* Much of the content in the NOBLE Digital Heritage site is in the public domain. Because these items are not subject to copyright restrictions they may be freely reproduced. If you would like to reproduce public domain material from this site, we request that you give credit to the contributing library and to the NOBLE Digital Heritage site. If you are not certain that an item is in the public domain, please contact the contributing library directly to verify its status.

Fair Use

The NOBLE Digital Heritage provides access to copyrighted materials in accordance with the doctrine of fair use, which states that the use of copyrighted material without permission for purposes such as "criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright." Commercial use of copyrighted materials is strictly prohibited under the doctrine of fair use.


Even if you wish to use materials from the NOBLE Digital Heritage within the terms of fair use, we request that you attribute these materials to the contributing library and the NOBLE Digital Heritage. We request that users provide us with a brief description of and link, if available, to any project for which incorporates materials from this site. This information will allow us to understand how these resources are benefiting the larger community.

Links to Third Party Websites

Some pages on the NOBLE Digital Heritage site may contain links to third party websites. The NOBLE Digital Heritage does not control and is not responsible for the content on these linked sites. These links are provided as a convenience and because they relate to and enhance the overall context and content of the NOBLE Digital Heritage. Their inclusion should not be construed as an endorsement of or sponsorship of the linked Website by the NOBLE Digital Heritage.

Copyright Holders

The NOBLE Digital Heritage and its member libraries would like to learn more about the materials presented on this site and to receive information about any copyright owners who are not properly identified so that we may make the necessary corrections. If you have any additional information about the images or would like to suggest a correction, please

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